The importance of typology in the study of early modern literature has long been accepted, yet students of Victorian culture have paid little attention to it. First published in 1980, this study demonstrates how biblical typology, an apparently arcane interpretative mode, had profound effects on the secular culture of the Victorian age: its art, literature and thought. George Landow considers the way in which the average English believer learned to read their Bible in terms of the types and shadows of Christ, the various ways in which Victorian poetry and hymns employed certain imagery, and the use of typological symbolism in narrative poetry, prose fiction, dramatic monologue and non-fiction. In a concluding chapter, he investigates the particularly complex, and often ironic, combinations of typological image and typological structure.
Preface; Works Frequently Cited; Introduction; 1. Typological Interpretation in the Victorian Period 2. The Smitten Rock 3. Typology in Fiction and Non-Fiction 4. Typology in the Visual Arts 5. Political Types 6. Typological Structures: The Examples of Gerard Manley Hopkins and Dante Gabriel Rossetti 7. The Pisgah Sight - Typological Structure and Typological Image; Notes; Index