Typological Urbanism Projective Cities Guest-edited by Christopher CM Lee and Sam Jacoby How can architecture today be simultaneously relevant to its urban context and at the very forefront of design? For a decade or so, iconic architecture has been fuelled by the market economy and consumers' insatiable appetite for the novel and the different. The relentless speed and scale of urbanisation, with its ruptured, decentralised and fast-changing context, though, demands a rethink of the role of the designer and the function of architecture. This title of 2 confronts and questions the profession's and academia's current inability to confidently and comprehensively describe, conceptualise, theorise and ultimately project new ideas for architecture in relation to the city. In so doing, it provides a potent alternative for projective cities: Typological Urbanism. This pursues and develops the strategies of typological reasoning in order to re-engage architecture with the city in both a critical and speculative manner. Architecture and urbanism are no longer seen as separate domains, or subservient to each other, but as synthesising disciplines and processes that allow an integrating and controlling effect on both the city and its built environment.
5. Editorial (Helen Castle). 6. About the Guest-Editors (Christopher CM Lee ad Sam Jacoby). 8. Spotlight: Visual highlights of the issue. 14. Introduction: Typological Urbanism and the Idea of the City (Christopher CM Lee and Sam Jacoby). 24. The City as Project: Types, Typical Objects and Typologies (Marina Lathouri). 32. City as Political Form: Four Archetypes of Urban Transformation (Pier Vittorio Aureli). 38. Type, Field, Culture, Praxis (Peter Carl). 46. Brasilia's Superquadra: Prototypical Design and the Project of the City (Martino Tattara). 56. Type? What Type? Further Reflections on the Extended Threshold (Michael Hensel). 66. Typological Instruments: Connecting Architecture and Urbanism (Caroline Bos & Ben van Berkel/UNStudio). 78. Penang Tropical City, Penang, Malaysia OMA (Joao Bravo da Costa). 90. Singapore Buona Vista Masterplan Competition, Singapore (Toyo Ito & Associates, Architects). 94. 21 st Century Museum of Contemporary Art, Kanazawa, Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan (Kazuyo Sejima + Ryue Nishizawa/SANAA). 102. The Metropolis as Integral Substance l'AUC Architects and Urbanists (Francois Decoster, Caroline Poulin, Djamel Klouche). 110. A Simple Heart: Architecture on the Ruins of the Post-Fordist City DOGMA (Pier Vittorio Aureli and Martino Tattara). 120. Xi'an Horticultural Masterplan, Xi'an, China (Serie Architects). 128. Counterpoint: Transcending Type: Designing for Urban Complexity (David Grahame Shane).