The 1930s was a dark period in international affairs. The Great Depression affected the economic and social circumstances of the world's major powers, contributing to armed conflicts such as the Spanish Civil War and the Second World War. This volume focuses exclusively on Japan, which witnessed a flurry of progressive activities in this period, activities which served both domestic and international society during the "tumultuous decade." Featuring an interdisciplinary and international group of scholars, Tumultuous Decade examines Japanese domestic and foreign affairs between 1931 and 1941. It looks at Japan in the context of changing approaches to global governance, the rise of the League of Nations, and attempts to understand the Japanese worldview as it stood in the 1930s, a crucial period for Japan and the wider world. The editors argue that, like many other emerging powers at the time, Japan experienced a national identity crisis during this period and that this crisis is what ultimately precipitated Japan's role in the Second World War as well as the global order that took shape in its aftermath.
Part I: Economics, Culture, Society and Identity Chapter 1: Zaikai's Perception of and Orientation to the United States - Masato Kimura (Shibusawa Eiichi Memorial Foundation) Chapter 2: Cultural Internationalism and Japan's Wartime Empire: The Turns of the Kokusai Bunka Shinkokai - Jessamyn R. Abel (Pennsylvania State University) Chapter 3: Japanese Pan-Asianism through the Mirror of Pan-Islamism - Cemil Aydin (University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill) Chapter 4: Emperor, Family and Modernity: The 1940 Passage of the National Eugenics Law - Sumiko Otsubo (Metropolitan State University) Part II: The Empire and Imperial Concerns Chapter 5: Strengthening and Expanding Japan through Social Work in Colonial Taiwan - Evan Dawley (U.S. Department of State) Chapter 6: Between Collaboration and Conflict: State and Society in Wartime Korea - Jun Uchida (Stanford University) Chapter 7: The Thought War: Public Diplomacy by Japan's Immigrants in the U.S. - Yuka Fujioka (Kwansei Gakuin University) Part III: High Diplomacy and the Statesmen Chapter 8: Meiji Diplomacy in the Early 1930s: Uchida Kosai, Manchuria and Post-withdrawal Foreign Policy - Rustin Gates (Bradley University) Chapter 9: Japan's Diplomatic Gamble for Autonomy: Rethinking Matsuoka Yosuke's Diplomacy - Satoshi Hattori (Osaka University) Chapter 10: Dissembling Diplomatist: Admiral Toyoda Teijiro and the Politics of Japanese Security - Peter Mauch (University of Western Sydney) Chapter 11: "No Choice but to Rise": Togo Shigenori and Japan's Decision for War - Tosh Minohara (Kobe University)