The National Road is a comprehensive history of the first federally financed interstate highway, an approximately 600-mile span that joined Maryland, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois in the nineteenth century. This book covers the road's contribution to the cultural, economic, and administrative history of the United States, its decline during the second half of the nineteenth century, and its revival in the twentieth century in the form of U.S. Route 40. The story of the National Road embraces an account of its building, its constitutional significance, the unique culture that it represented, the movements and trends that transpired across its route, and the symbolic value that it held, and continues to hold, for the American people. Beyond its status as an American heritage symbol, it serves as a forceful reminder that the United States must continue to pursue the goal of sustainable national investment that began with the National Road and comparable projects during the early republic.
Part 1 Preface Part 2 Part I. The Great Debates about the National Road Chapter 3 Chapter 1. Washington's Role Chapter 4 Chapter 2. Jefferson, Gallatin and the Legislation of 1806 Chapter 5 Chapter 3. Madison: Construction in the Shadow of War and the Bonus Bill Veto Chapter 6 Chapter 4. Monroe's Compromise and the Toll Gate Battle Chapter 7 Chapter 5. John Quincy Adams and the High Water Mark of the National Road as a National Road Chapter 8 Chapter 6. Andrew Jackson and the Transfer of the National Road to the States Chapter 9 Chapter 7. The National Road and the Law, Politics and Policy of Internal Improvement Part 10 Part II. The Road in its Prime Chapter 11 Chapter 8. Laying Out and Building the National Road Chapter 12 Chapter 9. Confronting Problems of Road Construction East of the Ohio in the Madison And Monroe Years: An Archival Account Chapter 13 Chapter 10. The Culture of the Road in its Prime Chapter 14 Chapter 11. The Road as a Microcosm of Early Republic America Part 15 Part III. The Decline and Revival of the National Road and its Place as a National Symbol Chapter 16 Chapter 12. The Decline and Revival of the Road: Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Perspectives Chapter 17 Chapter 13. The National Road, the Creation of the Dwight D. Eisenhower Interstate Highway System; and the Post-Interstate Period Chapter 18 Chapter 14. The National Road as a National Symbol Part 19 Part IV Twenty-first Century Legacy Chapter 20 Chapter 15. The National Road and the Enduring Role of the Federal Spending Power Chapter 21 Chapter 16. A National Road Perspective on America's Twenty-first Century Infrastructure Challenges Part 22 Epilogue: The National Road, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, and Sustainable National Investment in the 21st Century Part 23 Endnotes Part 24 Bibliography Part 25 Appendix A: National Road Time Line