Cornelius Michael Buckley, S.J. delves into Stephen Larigaudelle Dubuisson's life, using him as the point of departure to describe the tensions among Jesuits in Maryland after the restoration of the order in 1814. A refugee of the violent slave rebellions in Haiti, where he was born, and the Terror in France, Dubuisson became a clerk in Napoleon's personal treasury and a resident in the Tuileries. He was a member of Marie Louise's flight in 1814 and later differed with Napoleon's account of the fate of the lost treasury during this momentous event. The following year, giving up a promising career in the Restoration government, he entered the slave-owning Jesuits in Maryland. Ten years later, he was the priest involved in the Mattingly Miracle. After a brief tenure as Georgetown's fourteenth president, Dubuisson spent three years in Europe advising the Jesuit general how to keep his American troops in step along the Ignatian "long black line." During this time, he began his career as a fundraiser and propagandist for the American Church and as an unofficial, and sometimes vexing, diplomat of the general in the courts of Europe. After his return, Dubuisson served as a parish priest in Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. Elected a second time to represent the Maryland Jesuits at a meeting in Rome, he never returned to the United States and eventually became chaplain to the dashing Duke and Duchess de Montmorency Laval. Recognized as "the chief pillar of the Jesuit mission in the United States," he died in Pau, France, during the height of the American Civil War.
Acknowledgments ix Introduction xi Abbreviations xvii Chapter One 1786-1791: A Cauldron of Horrors 1 Chapter Two 1791-1812: La Congregation and the Tuileries 13 Chapter Three 1812-1815: Marie Louise to Parma, Napoleon to St. Helena and Dubuisson to America 37 Chapter Four 1815-1817: Maryland the Mise-en-scene 57 Chapter Five 1817-1821: Bleak Times 81 Chapter Six 1821-1826: The Mattingly Miracle and the Jesuit Crisis 103 Chapter Seven 1826-1830: Rome to the Rescue 131 Chapter Eight 1830-1834: The Slave Problem 149 Chapter Nine 1834-1835: Northeastern Pennsylvania 173 Chapter Ten 1835-1836: Mrs. Mattingly: The Passe-partout 187 Chapter Eleven 1836-1838: The Royal Courts of Europe 213 Chapter Twelve 1838-1852: Housed with a Duke and Duchess 235 Chapter Thirteen 1853-1864: The Priest, the Scholar, the Writer 261 Bibliography 277 Index 291 About the Author 305