Roman religion as we know it is largely the product of the middle and late republic, the period falling roughly between the victory of Rome over its Latin allies in 338 B.C.E. and the attempt of the Italian peoples in the Social War to stop Roman domination, resulting in the victory of Rome over all of Italy in 89 B.C.E. This period witnessed the expansion and elaboration of large public rituals such as the games and the triumph as well as significant changes to Roman intellectual life, including the emergence of new media like the written calendar and new genres such as law, antiquarian writing, and philosophical discourse. In Religion in Republican Rome Joerg Rupke argues that religious change in the period is best understood as a process of rationalization: rules and principles were abstracted from practice, then made the object of a specialized discourse with its own rules of argument and institutional loci. Thus codified and elaborated, these then guided future conduct and elaboration. Rupke concentrates on figures both famous and less well known, including Gnaeus Flavius, Ennius, Accius, Varro, Cicero, and Julius Caesar. He contextualizes the development of rational argument about religion and antiquarian systematization of religious practices with respect to two complex processes: Roman expansion in its manifold dimensions on the one hand and cultural exchange between Greece and Rome on the other.
Introduction 1. The Background: Roman Religion of the Archaic and Early Republican Periods 2. Institutionalizing and Ordering Public Communication 3. Changes in Religious Festivals 4. Incipient Systematization of Religion in Second-Century Drama: Accius 5. Ritualization and Control 6. Writing and Systematization 7. The Pontifical Calendar and the Law 8. Religion and Divination in the Second Century 9. Religion in the Lex Ursonensis 10. Religious Discourses in the Second and First Centuries: Antiquarianism and Philosophy 11. Ennius's Fasti in Fulvius's Temple: Greek Rationality and Roman Tradition 12. Varro's tria genera theologiae: Crossing Antiquarianism and Philosophy 13. Cicero's Discourse on Religion 14. Greek Rationality and Roman Traditions in the Late Republic Notes Bibliography Index Locorum General Index Acknowledgments