There are two well-known approaches to the study of international relations: Realism and Idealism. This book explores the writings of Inis L. Claude, Jr., a preeminent scholar on international relations, to define a third approach. Pragmatic liberalism, an "in-between" approach, argues that a liberal world order can be sustained and promoted by the pragmatic application of liberal principles. It rejects both the over-pessimism of Realism and the over-optimism of Idealism while refusing to maintain that the anarchic nature of the international system is unchangeable or even that we can change it overnight. However, it is possible to eventually improve the international system. This melioristic approach to world order and international relations can be explained through the sophisticated writings of Inis L. Claude, Jr., who has remained a celebrated scholar and an example to students of international relations everywhere for over a half century.
Foreword Introduction Chapter I: Claude's Pragmatic Liberalism 1. Claude and Liberalism 2. Claude and Pragmatism 3. Conclusion: Claude's Pragmatic Liberalism and IR Theories Chapter II: Order in a Pluralistic World 1. Claude's Definition of Order 2. World-Order Proposals 3. Sovereignty and the State System 4. Conclusion Chapter III: Management of Power 1. Management of Power 2. Collective Security 3. Balance of Power 4. The Rejection of Collective Security 5. Why is the Balance of Power Preferable to Collective Security? 6. Conclusion Chapter IV: Functions of International Organizations 1. The United Nations and the Management of Power 2. Strengthening the State 3. Universalism and Regionalism 4. Conclusion Chapter V: The Need for Leadership in the System 1. A Functional Division of Leadership 2. Bureaucratic Leadership 3. The Need for Great-Power Leadership 4. The United States and World Leadership 5. Great-Power Responsibilities, Morality, and US Leadership 6. Milieu Goals 7. Conclusion Chapter VI: Conclusion 1. Realism, Idealism, and Pragmatic Liberalism: A Comparison 2. What Subjects Does This Work Provoke Studying and Some Implications of This Work for Current International Conflicts Bibliography