The latest edition of Politics offers a comprehensive and comparative approach to the essential components of democratic politics in today's states. The book begins by addressing ways of thinking about politics, community, and society, offering broad outlines of political theory in a historical context. Johnston then provides a comparative framework for understanding basic democratic systems which is drawn upon in subsequent sections on institutions, the political process, and governing. The result is an accessible introduction to contemporary democratic politics that is also deeply theoretical and comparative in scope. The fourth edition has been revised throughout and rewritten with a more focused narrative. The student-friendly design incorporates more visuals and sidebars, as well as chapter objectives and a glossary, in order to make the material easily digestible. In addition, a new companion website provides self-study support for students along with a wealth of materials for instructors to draw from when developing lectures, tutorials, assignments, and exams. See www.johnstonpolitics.com for more information.
List of Figures Introduction: The Dimensions of Politics and an Approach to its Study What Politics Is... A Comparative Approach Chapter 1: Co-operation, Coercion, and Consent-Opening Ideas Our Social Nature Authority and Leadership Civil Society Beyond the State Conclusion References Further Reading Chapter 2: The Many Ways of Studying Politics Politics as Philosophy Politics as Social Science Units of Analysis: Individual, Group, or Class? Politics as Anthropology Back to Bismarck: Politics and the Study of Politics References Further Reading Chapter 3: From The Republic to the Liberal Republic: History and Ideas Classical Antiquity Feudal Society (the Medieval Era) The Reformation The Enlightenment The Market Economy Synergy Political Revolution Liberal Government Philosophical Works References Further Reading Chapter 4: The Fall and Reluctant Rise of Democracy Democracy Defined Distrust of Democracy From Liberal Government to Liberal Democracy Assessing Representative Democracy Democracy's Prospects Consolidating Democracy References Further Reading Chapter 5: Roadmap to the Rest (A Comparative Framework) Who's In and Who's Out Functions, Institutions, Systems Functions, Institutions, Systems Functions, Institutions, Systems The Judiciary as a Branch of Government Bicameralism-Do Two Houses Make a Home? Degrees of Federalism Electoral and Party Systems Type of Government Recapping Appendix: Comparative Data Set Further Reading Chapter 6: Systems of Government: Parliamentary Options Components of Parliamentary Government Majority, Minority, or Coalition The Government-Formation Process The Conclusion of a Government and Its Implications A Closer Look at Coalition Government Cabinets: Size and Structure Executive Dominance References Further Reading Chapter 7: Systems of Government (2): Degrees of Presidentialism Madisonian Presidentialism Coalitional Presidentialism in Latin America Semi-Presidentialism An Exceptional Case: Switzerland Conclusion References Further Reading Chapter 8: Dividing the State: Federalism and Other Options Unitary, Federal, Confederal Components of Federalism Asymmetrical Federalism Bicameralism Amending Formula Non-federal Options References Further Reading Chapter 9: Who Wants What? The Political Process Social Cleavages Ideology: The Role of Ideas References Further Reading Chapter 10: Who Gets In? The Machinery of Democratic Elections What Is an Electoral System? Criteria for Evaluating Electoral Systems Electoral Systems Considered Electoral Administration References Further Readings Appendix: Electoral System Data Chapter 11: Who is Heard? Varieties of Representation Political Parties Party Systems Election Campaigns Organized Interests Corporatism Social Movements Conclusion References Further Readings Chapter 12: The Official Response: Public Policy and Administration Two Theories about Public Policy Who Does What: Examining the Policy Cycle Types of Policy The Bureaucracy References Further Reading Chapter 13: The Rule of Law in Practice: The Justice System The Nature of Law The Legislative Process Direct Democracy Private Law Administrative Law Court Systems Rights Judicial Review Automatic Justice? References Further Reading Chapter 14: Governing in an Age of Decline? Social and Economic Policy The Nature of Capitalist Market Society Classic Liberalism and Laissez-faire Models versus Reality The Reform of Market Capitalism The Welfare State The Age of Deficit and Debt Going Forward References Further Reading Appendix: Economic Statistics Glossary Index