This revised Norton Critical Edition is based on the first edition text (dated 1818, but likely issued in late 1817). The editor has spelled out ampersands and made superscript letters lowercased. The novel, which is accompanied by revised and expanded explanatory annotations, is followed by the two canceled chapters that comprise Persuasion's original ending. "Backgrounds and Contexts" collects contemporary assessments of Jane Austen as well as materials relating to the social issues of the day. Included are an excerpt from William Hayley's 1785 "Essay on Old Maids"; Austen's letters to Fanny Knight, which reveal her skepticism about marriage as the key to happiness; Henry Austen's memorial tribute to his famous sister; assessments by nineteenth-century critics Julia Kavanagh and Goldwin Smith, who viewed Austen as an unassuming, sheltered, and "feminine" rural writer; and the perspective of Austen's biographer, Geraldine Edith Mitten. The Second Edition emphasizes current critical scholarship, reflecting enormous shifts in our comprehension of Austen's achievement and opening the door to new ways of thinking about Persuasion and its author. For the first time, we can think complexly about Austen living through the Napoleonic Wars on the Continent and experiencing their political repercussions at home-the same as everyone else in England at that time. Four new essays-by Linda Bree, Sidney Gottlieb, John Wiltshire, and David Monaghan-speak to these new perspectives; those by Gottlieb and Monaghan expand the conversation into film adaptations of the novel. A Chronology of Austen's life and work, new to the Second Edition, is included along with an updated Selected Bibliography.
Preface The Text of Persuasion The Original Ending of Persuasion Backgrounds and Contexts [William Hayley] * [On Old Maids] Jane Austen * Letters about Persuasion To Fanny Knight, March 13,  To Fanny Knight, March 23,  Henry Austen * Biographical Notice of the Author [Richard Whateley] * [A New Style of Novel] Anonymous * Austen?s Characters Julia Kavanagh * [The Language of Feeling] Goldwin Smith * From Life of Jane Austen Geraldine Edith Mitton * From Jane Austen and Her Times Criticism A. Walton Litz * New Landscapes Marilyn Butler * [On Persuasion] Ann W. Astell * Anne Elliot?s Education: The Learning of Romance in Persuasion Claudia L. Johnson * Persuasion: The ?Unfeudal Tone of the Present Day? Cheryl Ann Weissman * Doubleness and Refrain in Jane Austen?s Persuasion Linda Bree * Belonging to the Conversation in Persuasion Sidney Gottlieb * Persuasion and Cinematic Approaches to Jane Austen Bharat Tandon * [Language and Action in Persuasion] Tara Ghoshal Wallace * Filming Romance: Persuasion John Wiltshire * [Anne Elliot?s Consciousness] David Monaghan * Movement and a Modern Perspective in Dear and Michell?s Persuasion Jane Austen: A Chronology Selected Bibliography