An anthropologist and archaeologist working for much of his life at the British Museum, Thomas Athol Joyce (1878-1942) succeeded in making American archaeology more accessible to non-specialists. Through careful analysis and presentation of the available evidence from South and Central America, he secured his reputation as an authority in this field, especially with regard to Mayan civilisation. Drawing on his wide reading of the published literature, he produced three pioneering and highly illustrated textbooks. The present work appeared in 1914 and focuses on Mexican and Mayan culture. The topics discussed include social structure and daily life, warfare, trade and architecture, as well as religious observance and mythology. Particular attention is paid to the calendar, with appendices providing the names of days and months along with a provisional dating scheme. Joyce's South American Archaeology (1912) and Central American and West Indian Archaeology (1916) are also reissued in this series.
Preface; Introduction; 1. Mexico: tribal history; 2. Mexico: the gods; 3. Mexico: the calendar and calendrical feasts; 4. Mexico: writing, priesthood, medicine and burial; 5. Mexico: social system, war, trade and justice; 6. Mexico: crafts, dress and daily life; 7. Mexico: architectural remains and pottery; 8. The Maya: history; 9. The Maya: religion and myths; 10. The Maya: the calendar, calendrical feasts and minor religious observances; 11. The Maya: burial, social system, trade and war; 12. The Maya: dress, daily life and crafts; 13. The Maya: architectural remains; 14. Conclusions; Appendices; Index.