Literature on Trial traces the rise of modern literary criticism in Central and Eastern Europe during the eighteenth century. S.D. Chrostowska juxtaposes the discourse's written forms in three linguistic-cultural regions - Germany, Poland, and Russia - to show how fluid the relationship once was between the genres of criticism and those of literature. An alternative history of literary criticism, Literature on Trial marks a shift from earlier studies' focus on aesthetic principles to an emphasis on the development of literary-critical forms. Chrostowska relates cultural and institutional changes in these areas to the formation of literary-critical knowledge. She accounts for the ways in which critical discourse organized itself formally and deemed some genres 'proper' while eliminating others. Analysing works by Lessing, Goethe, and Karamzin, among others, Literature on Trial brings a fresh theoretical perspective to the links between genre as a discursive strategy and socio-political life.
INTRODUCTION *Genre, Discourse, History *Criticism and the Genus Universum*Criteria in Focus: Forms and Transformations*Looking Ahead PART I. GERMAN CRITICISM *Coming-of-Age *Overcoming Dogma: Periodicals and Review Criticism *Toward a Critical 'Play Drive': Generic Vicissitudes *Textual Analyses* J. Ch. Gottsched* J. G. Hamann* G. E. Lessing* J. G. von Herder* G. A. B rger* J. W. von Goethe* F. Schlegel PART II. CRITICISM IN POLAND *A Discursive Inheritance *Profiling Polish Criticism *Textual Analyses* J. A. Jablonowski * A. K. Czartoryski * J. Szymanowski * F. N. Golanski * F. K. Dmochowski *Excursus PART III. CRITICISM IN RUSSIA *The Emperor's Tongue: Russian Literary Language*Criticism's "Generic Unconscious" *Parody and Polemics*Textual Analyses* M. V. Lomonosov* A. P. Sumarokov* V. K. Trediakovskii* N. M. Karamzin CONCLUSION Generic Migrants Time Travelers Looking Back NOTES WORKS CITED INDEX