Almost two centuries after its publication, Frankenstein remains an indisputably classic text and Mary Shelley's finest work. This extensively revised Norton Critical Edition includes new texts and illustrative materials that convey the enduring global conversation about Frankenstein and its author. The text is that of the 1818 first edition, published in three volumes by Lackington, Hughes, Harding, Mavor, and Jones. It is accompanied by an expansive new preface, explanatory annotations, a map of Geneva and its environs, and seven illustrations, five of them new to the Second Edition. Context is provided in three supporting sections: "Circumstance, Influence, Composition, Revision," "Reception, Impact, Adaptation," and "Sources, Influences, Analogues." Among the Second Edition's new inclusions are historical-cultural studies by Susan Tyler Hitchcock, William St. Clair, and Elizabeth Young; Chris Baldrick on the novel's reception; and David Pirie on the novel's many film adaptations. Related excerpts from the Bible and from John Milton's Paradise Lost are now included, as is Charles Lamb's poem "The Old Familiar Faces." "Criticism" collects sixteen major interpretations of Frankenstein, nine of them new to the Second Edition. The new contributors are Peter Brooks, Bette London, Garrett Stewart, James. A. W. Heffernan, Patrick Brantlinger, Jonathan Bate, Anne Mellor, Jane Goodall, and Christa Knellwolf. A Chronology and Selected Bibliography are also included.
List of Illustrations Introduction The Text of Frankenstein map: Geneva and Its Environs Title page (1818) Dedication (1818) Preface Frankenstein Contexts CIRCUMSTANCE, INFLUENCE, COMPOSITION, REVISION Mary Shelley ? Introduction to Frankenstein, Third Edition (1831) John William Polidori ? Letter Prefaced to The Vampyre (1819) M. K. Joseph ? The Composition of Frankenstein Chris Baldick ? [Assembling Frankenstein] Richard Holmes ? [Mary Shelley and the Power of Contemporary Science] Christa Knellwolf and Jane Goodall ? [The Significance of Place: Ingolstadt] Charles E. Robinson ? Texts in Search of an Editor: Reflections on The Frankenstein Notebooks and on Editorial Authority Anne K. Mellor ? Choosing a Text of Frankenstein to Teach RECEPTION, IMPACT, ADAPTATION Percy Bysshe Shelley ? On Frankenstein [John Croker] ? From the Quarterly Review (January 1818) Sir Walter Scott ? From Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine (March 1818) Edinburgh Magazine ? [On Frankenstein] (March 1818) Gentleman's Magazine ? [On Frankenstein] (April 1818) Knight's Quarterly ? [On Frankenstein] (August-November 1824) Hugh Reginald Haweis ? Introduction to the Routledge World Library Edition (1886) Chris Baldick ? [The Reception of Frankenstein] William St. Clair ? [Frankenstein's Impact] Susan Tyler Hitchcock ? [The Monster Lives On] Elizabeth Young ? [Frankenstein as Historical Metaphor] David Pirie ? Approaches to Frankenstein [in Film] SOURCES, INFLUENCES, ANALOGUES The Book of Genesis ? [Biblical Account of Creation] John Milton ? From Paradise Lost Percy Bysshe Shelley ? Mont Blanc (1816) [The Sea of Ice] (1817) Mutability George Gordon, Lord Byron ? Prometheus Darkness From Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, Canto III (1816) Charles Lamb ? The Old Familiar Faces Criticism George Levine ? Frankenstein and the Tradition of Realism Ellen Moers ? Female Gothic: The Monster's Mother Sandra M. Gilbert and Susan Gubar ? Mary Shelley's Monstrous Eve Mary Poovey ? "My Hideous Progeny": The Lady and the Monster Anne K. Mellor ? Possessing Nature: The Female in Frankenstein Peter Brooks ? What Is a Monster? (According to Frankenstein) Bette London ? Mary Shelley, Frankenstein, and the Spectacle of Masculinity Marilyn Butler ? Frankenstein and Radical Science Lawrence Lipking ? Frankenstein, the True Story; or, Rousseau Judges Jean-Jacques Garrett Stewart ? In the Absence of Audience: Of Reading and Dread in Mary Shelley James A. W. Heffernan ? Looking at the Monster: Frankenstein and Film Patrick Brantlinger ? The Reading Monster Jonathan Bate ? [Frankenstein and the State of Nature] Anne K. Mellor ? Frankenstein, Racial Science, and the Yellow Peril Jane Goodall ? Electrical Romanticism Christa Knellwolf ? Geographic Boundaries and Inner Space: Frankenstein, Scientific Exploration, and the Quest for the Absolute Mary Shelley: A Chronology Selected Bibliography