This innovative book stresses the distinction of the human race from other species by using what the author calls Human Symbols (HS): language, thought, religion, knowledge/science, and cultural values and norms. Mahmoud Dhaouadi emphasizes the central position of HS in the creation of the identity of both the individual and society. That is, humans are Homo Culturus, a notion hardly found in social sciences like Marxism, behaviourism, structuralism, and psychoanalysis. This book explores the strong link between HS and the slow growth and development of the human body and claims that human duality is composed of the body and HS, not the body and the soul. HS explain some distinct human traits, such as why human babies learn to walk later than animal babies, the long human lifespan when compared with that of most animals' lifespan, the human mind, and the potential for the eternal survival of human thought. As such, HS constitute a cultural theory. Dhaouadi also asserts that HS have neither weight nor volume in the material sense of the words, as they are transcendental and spiritual. This new conceptualization of HS helps us understand the quick transmission of spoken and written words as well as how we can put enormous written material onto a few memory sticks. This innovative vision of the nature of HS is endorsed by a fresh interpretation of the verses of the Quran. Cultural Sociology within Innovative Treatise will be a significant contribution to the field of sociology, particularly to the sociological study of culture in both the Islamic and Western worlds.
Preface PART I :New Conceptual Exploration into Cultural Sociology Chapter I : The search for cultural sociology Sociology of culture and cultural sociology Flirting with the development of theoretical social science perspective Human symbols are central to human identity The legitimacy of return to Basics Humans the great HS users Humans are excellent homo symbolicus Potential explanation of HS to the late human walk HS transcendental dimensions Language and the emergence of human culture HS and human supremacy Cultural sociology as a core discipline Disorder in the study of culture The HS centered approach Cultural sociology's urgent need The Hunt for the other sides of phenomena Footnotes References Chapter II : New Intellectual Concepts for Cultural Sociology Introduction The concept of the other underdevelopment Linguistic Issues under scrutiny The social psychological dimensions of the female Franco-Arabe The social psychological dimensions of Adaa The social history of Adaa in the Arab world Adaa and its social psychological meaning for Tunisian women The condition of Tunisian women and the Parisian accent The pecking order among the three social actors a- The continuing pecking order b- Persistent inequality between the sexes Who Imitates whom and How? Conspirator Tunisian Bilingualism Notes References Chapter III : Social Science Need for HS Paradigm The concept of the human symbolic soul (HSS) Our ever smaller world HS transcendentality Three meanings of the transcendental dimensions HS and their transcendental dimensions Language and its metaphysical / transcendental dimensions Transcendental dimensions of freedom, justice and democracy The impact of HS tested in three case studies Case study I : The Arab world as the outcome of HS Case study II : Canada's syndrome of the two solitudes Case study III : Cultural dependency is most dangerous The need for Verstehen sociology of HS Footnotes References Chapter IV : Theory of HS and the Rules of Collective Behavioural Patterns of Influence on People's Behaviours The chapter framework Society and culture as means of understanding and explanation Social determinism in sociology The hypothesis of culture as a dynamic force of influence on behaviors Culture marginalization in theorizing on individual and society The influence of collective behaviors on people's The full social influence The rules of non full influence of collective behaviors The rational choice theory The principals of the rational choice theory The rational choice theory in question Rational choice theory and collective behavior Conclusion The cultural roots of collective betraviouts References Part II : Human Symbols in the Islamic Perspective Chapter 1 : Cultural Profile from a Different Islamic View Introduction Subject and purpose of this chapter The vague definitions of culture in the social sciences The concept of culture from the Islamic cognitive viewpoint The cognitive korantic foundational view of culture The features of some of the transcendental aspects in HS Language and its metaphysical traits HS that imbue human beings with great energy Towards sociology of the metaphysics of H The harmonization of my perspective with reflexive sociology Foot notes References Chapter II: The Aql - Naql Theory of Human Symbols and the Making of Cultural Sociology The theory and its purpose ANTHS and cultural sociology The missing inside nature of culture What is a theory? Basic observations and the making of the ANTHS Potential explanation of my theory Cultural sociologie as a cor discipline The Quran's cultural strong program Conclusion References Part III - Three Case Studies within the HS Perspective Chapter I : HS Behind Human Longer Lifespan Introduction The phenomenon under study and its methodology The human species longer lifespan The biogenetic perspective on the human lifespan The need for a complex thinking approach The pace of growth and maturity of HS Years difference between the child's muscular and linguistic development The brain / mind and the human longer lifespan Cultural determinism and the longer human lifespan Biology, genetics and HS Modern social sciences and the missing transcendentality Social sciences unfit for HS study The Islamic perspective as an alternative Human nature in the Quran The image of man in the Quran Dualistic human entity and longer lifespan Footnotes References Chapter II : Social Science Illiteracy of the Other Underdevelopment in Post-Colonial Societies The wide illiteracy on the Other Underdevelopment The bipolar nature of the OU The cultural linguistic underdevelopment 1-Linguistic underdevelopment a- Black Africa linguistic underdevelopment b- North Africa linguistic underdevelopment c- Linguistic underdeveloment in Asia and Central America 2- Third World's underdevelopment in modern social sciences and knowledge a) Western monopoly in modern sciences and knowledge b) Third world's past contribution in sciences / knowledge and its dependency on the west. c) The short slightness of western vision in sciences / knowledge d) The ethics of western sciences / knowledge e) The ethics of Islamic sciences / knowledge f) Third world's major obstacles to self developed sciences/knowledge g) Self made sciences / knowledge's role in development 3) Third World's underdevelopment in cultural values system a) the general and subtle rule of cultural exchanges b) Western cultural disorganizing effect in the third world c) Tradition / modernizations impact on Tunisian society The psychological underdevelopment in the third world a) The definition of psychological underdevelopment b) Cultural symbolic domination and deterioration of self esteem c) Inferiority complex and linguistic avoidance response d) Cultural values system and disorganized personality The other underdevelopment as a psycho cultural system The roots of western modern social sciences silence on the OU a) Causes of western ethnocentric nature b) Causes of epistemological nature Footnotes References Chapter III : The Arab Muslim World Set to Dialogue with West : A Cultural Perspective The chapter thesis The HS theory HS and cultures dialogue Western science's appeal opens dialogue with the West Huntington's theory in question The Islamic east and the Christian west could dialogue The politics of conflicts and tensions between the west and Islam References