Under Hitler and Stalin the Nazi and Soviet regimes murdered fourteen million people in the bloodlands between Berlin and Moscow. The killing fields extended from central Polads to western Russia. For twelve savage years, on this bloodsoaked soil an average of one million individuals - mostly women, children and the aged - were murdered every year. Though in 1939 these lands became battlefields, not one of these fourteen million was killed in combat. They were victims of a murderous policy, not casualties of war. Int his deeply unsettling and revelatory book, Timothy Snyder gives voice to the testimony of the victims through the letters home, the notes flung from trains, the diaries on corpses. It is a brilliantly researched, profoundly humane and authoritative bok that demands we pay attention to those that history is in danger of forgetting.
i: Preface: Europe INTRODUCTION: HITLER AND STALIN 1: THE SOVIET FAMINES 2: CLASS TERROR 3: NATIONAL TERROR 4: MOLOTOV-RIBBENTROP EUROPE 5: THE ECONOMICS OF APOCALYPSE 6: FINAL SOLUTION 7: HOLOCAUST AND REVENGE 8: THE NAZI DEATH FACTORIES 9: RESISTANCE AND INCINERATION 10: ETHNIC CLEANSINGS 11: STALINIST ANTI-SEMITISM CONCLUSION: HUMANITY ii: Numbers and Terms iii: Abstract iv: Acknowledgments v: Bibliography vi: Notes vii: Index